- di|rect1 W1S2 [dıˈrekt, ˌdaıˈrekt] adj▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1¦(without involving others)¦2¦(from one place to another)¦3¦(exact)¦4¦(behaviour/attitude)¦5 direct descendant6 direct hit7 direct heat/sunlight▬▬▬▬▬▬▬[Date: 1300-1400; : Latin; Origin: directus, past participle of dirigere 'to set straight, guide']1.) ¦(WITHOUT INVOLVING OTHERS)¦done without any other people, actions, processes etc coming between▪ Experienced users have direct access to the main data files.▪ I'm not in direct contact with them.▪ Few policy-makers have had direct experience of business.direct effect/impact/influence etc▪ Educational level has a sizeable direct effect on income.direct link/connection/relationship etc▪ There is a direct link between poverty and ill-health.direct result/consequence▪ The decision to close the hospital is a direct result of Government health policy.2.) ¦(FROM ONE PLACE TO ANOTHER)¦going straight from one place to another without stopping or changing direction▪ Which is the most direct route to London?▪ a direct flight to New York3.) ¦(EXACT)¦ [only before noun]exact or total▪ Weight increases in direct proportion to mass.▪ For Lawrence, in direct contrast to Adam, everything seemed to come so easily.▪ a direct quote (=exact words) from the book4.) ¦(BEHAVIOUR/ATTITUDE)¦saying exactly what you mean in an honest clear way▪ Women often feel men are too direct and not sympathetic enough.▪ Now, let me ask you a direct question , and I expect a direct answer .5.) direct descendantsomeone who is related to someone else through their parents and grandparents, not through their ↑aunts, ↑uncles etcdirect descendant of▪ She claimed to be a direct descendant of Wordsworth.6.) direct hitan occasion on which something such as a bomb hits a place exactly, causing a lot of damage▪ During the war, the cathedral suffered many direct hits .▪ One of the bombers scored a direct hit .7.) direct heat/sunlightstrong heat or light that someone or something is not protected from▪ Never change the film in direct sunlight.direct 2direct2 W2S2 v▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1¦(aim)¦2¦(be in charge)¦3¦(film/play)¦4¦(way/route)¦5¦(tell somebody to do something)¦▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1.) ¦(AIM)¦ [T always + adverb/preposition]to aim something in a particular direction or at a particular person, group etcdirect sth at/towards etc sth▪ The machine directs an X-ray beam at the patient's body.▪ The new route directs lorries away from the town centre.▪ I'd like to direct your attention to paragraph four.▪ I want to direct my efforts more towards my own projects.2.) ¦(BE IN CHARGE)¦ [T]to be in charge of something or control it▪ Mr Turner was directing the investigation from a very early stage.▪ The choir was directed by Sir David Willcocks.3.) ¦(FILM/PLAY)¦ [I and T]to give the actors in a play, film, or television programme instructions about what they should do▪ The play was directed by Frank Hauser.4.) ¦(WAY/ROUTE)¦ [T] formalto tell someone how to get to a placedirect sb to sth▪ Could you direct me to Trafalgar Square, please?5.) ¦(TELL SOMEBODY TO DO SOMETHING)¦ [T] formalto tell someone what they should do= ↑order direct sb to do sth▪ The judge directed the jury to find Mr Baggs not guilty.direct that▪ He directed that his body should be buried in Upton, Northamptonshire.▬▬▬▬▬▬▬WORD CHOICE: direct, take, guide, leadIf you direct someone somewhere, you tell them which way to go to get there, but you do not go with them : He directed me to a hotel near the airport (NOT He guided me to a hotel near the airport).!! Do not say that you direct something in a particular direction. Say that you point something in a particular direction : He pointed the gun at the policeman (NOT He directed the gun at the policeman).If you take , guide , or lead someone somewhere, you go with them there : I'll take you to the airport. Use guide especially to talk about helping someone along a difficult route : They guided me through a maze of one-way streets. Use lead to talk about going in front of someone who is following you : The waiter led us to a table in the corner.▬▬▬▬▬▬▬direct 3direct3 adv1.) without stopping or changing direction= ↑directly▪ Can we fly direct to Chicago, or do we stop in Salt Lake City first?2.) without dealing with anyone else first= ↑directly▪ Esther decided to contact the manager direct.▪ It is usually cheaper to buy the goods direct from the wholesaler.
Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.