direct


direct
di|rect1 W1S2 [dıˈrekt, ˌdaıˈrekt] adj
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1¦(without involving others)¦
2¦(from one place to another)¦
3¦(exact)¦
4¦(behaviour/attitude)¦
5 direct descendant
6 direct hit
7 direct heat/sunlight
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[Date: 1300-1400; : Latin; Origin: directus, past participle of dirigere 'to set straight, guide']
1.) ¦(WITHOUT INVOLVING OTHERS)¦
done without any other people, actions, processes etc coming between
≠ ↑indirect
Experienced users have direct access to the main data files.
I'm not in direct contact with them.
Few policy-makers have had direct experience of business.
direct effect/impact/influence etc
Educational level has a sizeable direct effect on income.
direct link/connection/relationship etc
There is a direct link between poverty and ill-health.
direct result/consequence
The decision to close the hospital is a direct result of Government health policy.
2.) ¦(FROM ONE PLACE TO ANOTHER)¦
going straight from one place to another without stopping or changing direction
≠ ↑indirect
Which is the most direct route to London?
a direct flight to New York
3.) ¦(EXACT)¦ [only before noun]
exact or total
Weight increases in direct proportion to mass.
For Lawrence, in direct contrast to Adam, everything seemed to come so easily.
a direct quote (=exact words) from the book
4.) ¦(BEHAVIOUR/ATTITUDE)¦
saying exactly what you mean in an honest clear way
≠ ↑indirect
Women often feel men are too direct and not sympathetic enough.
Now, let me ask you a direct question , and I expect a direct answer .
5.) direct descendant
someone who is related to someone else through their parents and grandparents, not through their ↑aunts, ↑uncles etc
direct descendant of
She claimed to be a direct descendant of Wordsworth.
6.) direct hit
an occasion on which something such as a bomb hits a place exactly, causing a lot of damage
During the war, the cathedral suffered many direct hits .
One of the bombers scored a direct hit .
7.) direct heat/sunlight
strong heat or light that someone or something is not protected from
≠ ↑indirect
Never change the film in direct sunlight.
direct 2
direct2 W2S2 v
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1¦(aim)¦
2¦(be in charge)¦
3¦(film/play)¦
4¦(way/route)¦
5¦(tell somebody to do something)¦
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1.) ¦(AIM)¦ [T always + adverb/preposition]
to aim something in a particular direction or at a particular person, group etc
direct sth at/towards etc sth
The machine directs an X-ray beam at the patient's body.
The new route directs lorries away from the town centre.
I'd like to direct your attention to paragraph four.
I want to direct my efforts more towards my own projects.
2.) ¦(BE IN CHARGE)¦ [T]
to be in charge of something or control it
Mr Turner was directing the investigation from a very early stage.
The choir was directed by Sir David Willcocks.
3.) ¦(FILM/PLAY)¦ [I and T]
to give the actors in a play, film, or television programme instructions about what they should do
The play was directed by Frank Hauser.
4.) ¦(WAY/ROUTE)¦ [T] formal
to tell someone how to get to a place
direct sb to sth
Could you direct me to Trafalgar Square, please?
5.) ¦(TELL SOMEBODY TO DO SOMETHING)¦ [T] formal
to tell someone what they should do
= ↑order direct sb to do sth
The judge directed the jury to find Mr Baggs not guilty.
direct that
He directed that his body should be buried in Upton, Northamptonshire.
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WORD CHOICE: direct, take, guide, lead
If you direct someone somewhere, you tell them which way to go to get there, but you do not go with them : He directed me to a hotel near the airport (NOT He guided me to a hotel near the airport).
!! Do not say that you direct something in a particular direction. Say that you point something in a particular direction : He pointed the gun at the policeman (NOT He directed the gun at the policeman).
If you take , guide , or lead someone somewhere, you go with them there : I'll take you to the airport. Use guide especially to talk about helping someone along a difficult route : They guided me through a maze of one-way streets. Use lead to talk about going in front of someone who is following you : The waiter led us to a table in the corner.
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direct 3
direct3 adv
1.) without stopping or changing direction
Can we fly direct to Chicago, or do we stop in Salt Lake City first?
2.) without dealing with anyone else first
Esther decided to contact the manager direct.
It is usually cheaper to buy the goods direct from the wholesaler.

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms: